This section contains information about propane in the 50 states of the US. As you will see, while propane itself does not change from New York to California, propane usage, propane prices, propane companies and propane regulations vary considerably.
Propane usage in the states of the US
As is explained in the basics section of this website, propane usage changes considerably from one location to another, and from one household to another. Some homes have a mix of electricity and propane, others use propane as a primary source of energy (e.g., for central heating), and others still only use propane to complement electricity use (e.g., for cooking).
Propane prices in states from Florida to Wisconsin
The prices section shows that propane rates differ rather a lot from one state to another. This is explained by two factors:
- Proximity to a major propane supply source: the closer a state is to a major propane supply source, such as the Gulf Coast or the Midwest, the lower the propane prices companies charge. For example, a customer based in New Jersey will pay more for propane than a customer who lives in Texas.
- Climate and season: Many people use propane for home heating. The colder the location, the more propane is needed to heat a home. And since supply and demand affects propane prices, the more propane is required and ordered, the higher the propane prices per gallon will be. This is why propane is more expensive in winter.
Propane companies in the 50 states of the US
There are only three propane companies that operate in all 50 states of the US: Amerigas, Suburban Propane and Ferrellgas. Yet there are hundreds of propane companies and cooperatives throughout the country, some of which concentrate on a few states (such as MFA Oil with its 125 outlets in seven states), others which have outlets spread out over many states (such as Pinnacle Propane which covers 44 states with 60 outlets).
Propane regulations through the various states of the US
Propane is a flammable gas. As such, safety aspects related to handling and transporting propane gas are highly regulated. Each page in this section briefly lists the main legislative tools regarding the use, handling, storage and transportation of propane gas for better information.